Samkalpa – The Announcing Time/Space Co-ordinates-

Before any temple ceremony, the priest in the temple chants a formal prayer-like statement of intent, called the Samkalpa. It determines when and where the ceremony or the puja must be held. This chant is listed in the Vedic calendar along with the appropriate tithi, nakshatra, etc. for each day. Due to larger time divisions like Yuga not being very frequent in change, such divisions are not mentioned in the Vedic calendar. The Samkalpa is divided into several sections. Here is a list and explanation of the Samkalpa for both- those who perform temples pujas and those who simply wish to learn about the same.
During carrying out a temple puja and beginning the Samkalpa, the name of the kalpa of that time period is supposed to be used to begin the Samkalpa with. (Each new creation cycle begins a new kalpa. Some calculate one kalpa to be 4,320,000,000 years.) The name of the current kalpa is Svetavara. 14 manvantaras make one kalpa. We are in the first phase of the 7th manvantara, called Vaivasvata. Each manvantara lasts 71 mahayugas. Each mahayuga is made up of four yugas—Sat, Treta, Dva- para and Kali. The Sat Yuga is known as the Age of Enlightenment, and each yuga that follows is progressively “darker” as the mass mind becomes more external- ized. At the present time our solar system is experiencing the last part of the Kali Yuga of the 28th mahayuga of the Vaivasvata Manvantara. We are in the Dark Age, beginning to feel the first rays of light from the Sat Yuga again. (To summarize, each kalpa (4.32 billion years) is divided into 14 manvantaras. Each manvantara equals 71 mahayugas. And each mahayuga equals 4 yugas.) So, the priest would say, “Svetavarana Kalpe, Vaivasvata Manvantare, Ashtavim Satitame, Kaliau Yuge, Prathamepade, etc.”
This is generally followed by the priest announcing the place on earth where the puja is being performed. In Hawaii, we state we are in the middle of the Pacific ocean, in the Hawaiian Islands, on the famous island of Kauai, near the mountain, for Vedic Calendar of Waialeale, along the Wailua River on the parcel of land where heaven meets the earth! These greater delineations are followed by further diminishing designations of time, all of which are found on your calendar in the paragraph at the top of each day’s designations. The name of the year, the half-year, the season, month, fortnight, day, nakshatra, yoga and tithi are some elements in this list. Each of these important elements of the calendar is explained below.